VPS35 regulates developing mouse hippocampal neuronal morphogenesis by promoting retrograde trafficking of BACE1

Chun Lei Wang, Fu Lei Tang, Yun Peng, Cheng Yong Shen, Lin Mei, Wen Cheng Xiong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

VPS35, a major component of the retromer, plays an important role in the selective endosome-to-Golgi retrieval of membrane proteins. Dysfunction of retromer is a risk factor for neurodegenerative disorders, but its function in developing mouse brain remains poorly understood. Here we provide evidence for VPS35 promoting dendritic growth and maturation, and axonal protein transport in developing mouse hippocampal neurons. Embryonic hippocampal CA1 neurons suppressing Vps35 expression by in utero electroporation of its micro RNAs displayed shortened apical dendrites, reduced dendritic spines, and swollen commissural axons in the neonatal stage, those deficits reflecting a defective protein transport/trafficking in developing mouse neurons. Further mechanistic studies showed that Vps35 depletion in neurons resulted in an impaired retrograde trafficking of BACE1 (β1-secretase) and altered BACE1 distribution. Suppression of BACE1 expression in CA1 neurons partially rescued both dendritic and axonal deficits induced by Vps35-deficiency. These results thus demonstrate that BACE1 acts as a critical cargo of retromer in vitro and in vivo, and suggest that VPS35 plays an essential role in regulating apical dendritic maturation and in preventing axonal spheroid formation in developing hippocampal neurons.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1248-1257
Number of pages10
JournalBiology Open
Volume1
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 15 2012

Fingerprint

Morphogenesis
Neurons
morphogenesis
neurons
mice
Protein Transport
protein transport
Amyloid Precursor Protein Secretases
Dendritic Spines
Axonal Transport
endosomes
Electroporation
electroporation
Endosomes
dendrites
neurodegenerative diseases
Dendrites
MicroRNAs
microRNA
axons

Keywords

  • BACE1
  • Neural development
  • VPS35

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)

Cite this

VPS35 regulates developing mouse hippocampal neuronal morphogenesis by promoting retrograde trafficking of BACE1. / Wang, Chun Lei; Tang, Fu Lei; Peng, Yun; Shen, Cheng Yong; Mei, Lin; Xiong, Wen Cheng.

In: Biology Open, Vol. 1, No. 12, 15.12.2012, p. 1248-1257.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Wang, Chun Lei ; Tang, Fu Lei ; Peng, Yun ; Shen, Cheng Yong ; Mei, Lin ; Xiong, Wen Cheng. / VPS35 regulates developing mouse hippocampal neuronal morphogenesis by promoting retrograde trafficking of BACE1. In: Biology Open. 2012 ; Vol. 1, No. 12. pp. 1248-1257.
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