Watching eyes and partisan mobilization: A rejoinder to Panagopoulos and van der Linden

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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This rejoinder addresses concerns raised by Panagopoulos and van der Linden about replication studies of their work conducted by Matland and Murray and published in this journal.Specifically, it offers counterarguments grounded in a broader view of the evidence to the assertion and findings that watching eyes stimuli more effectively mobilize Republican/conservative identifiers to vote than Democratic/liberal identifiers. It concludes that the overall evidence generated by the original and replication research is inconclusive at best.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-151
Number of pages5
JournalSocial Influence
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2019



  • Watching eyes
  • ideology
  • implicit social cues
  • replication
  • voter turnout

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology

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