What are the clinical questions of practicing veterinarians?

Mark H. Ebell, Steven Budsberg, Ronald Cervero, Joanna Shinholser, Marlene Williamson Call

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Clinical questions are central to learning among veterinarians and drive informal learning during clinical practice. We set out to classify the clinical questions of practicing veterinarians using a taxonomy previously validated in human medicine. This prospective observational study used a convenience sample of 12 veterinarians in private, small-animal practices. We used three methods to gather clinical questions from the veterinarians: direct observation (asking veterinarians after each encounter), self-report via e-mail, and self-report via data-collection pocket cards. We then classified these questions using a validated taxonomy of question types, as well as by clinical category. A total of 157 clinical questions were collected; 99 were about dogs, 33 were about cats, and 25 were about multiple species or did not specify a species. Nearly half of the questions were rated as high priority, and only 11.5% as low priority. Over half of the questions (53%) were about treatment and 20% were about diagnosis. The two most common question types were "Is drug X indicated in situation Y or for condition Y?" and "How should I treat finding/condition Y (given situation Z)?" Overall, 5 of 57 question-type categories accounted for over half of the questions. The most common clinical categories were pharmacology, endocrine, musculoskeletal, and general surgery. This is the first study to systematically identify and classify the clinical questions of veterinarians. A better understanding of these questions can be used to inform the development of continuing-education (CE) activities that are directly responsive to the information needs of participants.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-316
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Veterinary Medical Education
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Veterinarians
veterinarians
taxonomy
pharmacology
informal learning
e-mail
Self Report
surgery
learning
animal
Learning
medicine
drug
small animal practice
adult education
Continuing Education
Postal Service
observational studies
Observational Studies
education

Keywords

  • clinical questions
  • continuing education
  • questions

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • veterinary(all)

Cite this

What are the clinical questions of practicing veterinarians? / Ebell, Mark H.; Budsberg, Steven; Cervero, Ronald; Shinholser, Joanna; Call, Marlene Williamson.

In: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education, Vol. 40, No. 3, 01.01.2013, p. 310-316.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Ebell, Mark H. ; Budsberg, Steven ; Cervero, Ronald ; Shinholser, Joanna ; Call, Marlene Williamson. / What are the clinical questions of practicing veterinarians?. In: Journal of Veterinary Medical Education. 2013 ; Vol. 40, No. 3. pp. 310-316.
@article{7db90931a5c34fc5a05c84299b3fb715,
title = "What are the clinical questions of practicing veterinarians?",
abstract = "Clinical questions are central to learning among veterinarians and drive informal learning during clinical practice. We set out to classify the clinical questions of practicing veterinarians using a taxonomy previously validated in human medicine. This prospective observational study used a convenience sample of 12 veterinarians in private, small-animal practices. We used three methods to gather clinical questions from the veterinarians: direct observation (asking veterinarians after each encounter), self-report via e-mail, and self-report via data-collection pocket cards. We then classified these questions using a validated taxonomy of question types, as well as by clinical category. A total of 157 clinical questions were collected; 99 were about dogs, 33 were about cats, and 25 were about multiple species or did not specify a species. Nearly half of the questions were rated as high priority, and only 11.5{\%} as low priority. Over half of the questions (53{\%}) were about treatment and 20{\%} were about diagnosis. The two most common question types were {"}Is drug X indicated in situation Y or for condition Y?{"} and {"}How should I treat finding/condition Y (given situation Z)?{"} Overall, 5 of 57 question-type categories accounted for over half of the questions. The most common clinical categories were pharmacology, endocrine, musculoskeletal, and general surgery. This is the first study to systematically identify and classify the clinical questions of veterinarians. A better understanding of these questions can be used to inform the development of continuing-education (CE) activities that are directly responsive to the information needs of participants.",
keywords = "clinical questions, continuing education, questions",
author = "Ebell, {Mark H.} and Steven Budsberg and Ronald Cervero and Joanna Shinholser and Call, {Marlene Williamson}",
year = "2013",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.3138/jvme.0113-028R1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "40",
pages = "310--316",
journal = "Journal of Veterinary Medical Education",
issn = "0748-321X",
publisher = "University of Toronto Press",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - What are the clinical questions of practicing veterinarians?

AU - Ebell, Mark H.

AU - Budsberg, Steven

AU - Cervero, Ronald

AU - Shinholser, Joanna

AU - Call, Marlene Williamson

PY - 2013/1/1

Y1 - 2013/1/1

N2 - Clinical questions are central to learning among veterinarians and drive informal learning during clinical practice. We set out to classify the clinical questions of practicing veterinarians using a taxonomy previously validated in human medicine. This prospective observational study used a convenience sample of 12 veterinarians in private, small-animal practices. We used three methods to gather clinical questions from the veterinarians: direct observation (asking veterinarians after each encounter), self-report via e-mail, and self-report via data-collection pocket cards. We then classified these questions using a validated taxonomy of question types, as well as by clinical category. A total of 157 clinical questions were collected; 99 were about dogs, 33 were about cats, and 25 were about multiple species or did not specify a species. Nearly half of the questions were rated as high priority, and only 11.5% as low priority. Over half of the questions (53%) were about treatment and 20% were about diagnosis. The two most common question types were "Is drug X indicated in situation Y or for condition Y?" and "How should I treat finding/condition Y (given situation Z)?" Overall, 5 of 57 question-type categories accounted for over half of the questions. The most common clinical categories were pharmacology, endocrine, musculoskeletal, and general surgery. This is the first study to systematically identify and classify the clinical questions of veterinarians. A better understanding of these questions can be used to inform the development of continuing-education (CE) activities that are directly responsive to the information needs of participants.

AB - Clinical questions are central to learning among veterinarians and drive informal learning during clinical practice. We set out to classify the clinical questions of practicing veterinarians using a taxonomy previously validated in human medicine. This prospective observational study used a convenience sample of 12 veterinarians in private, small-animal practices. We used three methods to gather clinical questions from the veterinarians: direct observation (asking veterinarians after each encounter), self-report via e-mail, and self-report via data-collection pocket cards. We then classified these questions using a validated taxonomy of question types, as well as by clinical category. A total of 157 clinical questions were collected; 99 were about dogs, 33 were about cats, and 25 were about multiple species or did not specify a species. Nearly half of the questions were rated as high priority, and only 11.5% as low priority. Over half of the questions (53%) were about treatment and 20% were about diagnosis. The two most common question types were "Is drug X indicated in situation Y or for condition Y?" and "How should I treat finding/condition Y (given situation Z)?" Overall, 5 of 57 question-type categories accounted for over half of the questions. The most common clinical categories were pharmacology, endocrine, musculoskeletal, and general surgery. This is the first study to systematically identify and classify the clinical questions of veterinarians. A better understanding of these questions can be used to inform the development of continuing-education (CE) activities that are directly responsive to the information needs of participants.

KW - clinical questions

KW - continuing education

KW - questions

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84884550276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84884550276&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3138/jvme.0113-028R1

DO - 10.3138/jvme.0113-028R1

M3 - Article

C2 - 23975074

AN - SCOPUS:84884550276

VL - 40

SP - 310

EP - 316

JO - Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

JF - Journal of Veterinary Medical Education

SN - 0748-321X

IS - 3

ER -