Wnt11-conditioned medium promotes angiogenesis through the activation of non-canonical wnt-pkc-jnk signaling pathway

Jingcai Wang, Min Gong, Shi Zuo, Jie Xu, Chris Paul, Hongxia Li, Min Liu, Yi Gang Wang, Muhammad Ashraf, Meifeng Xu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: We demonstrated that the transduction of Wnt11 into mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) (MSCWnt11) promotes these cells differentiation into cardiac phenotypes. In the present study, we investigated the paracrine effects of MSCWnt11 on cardiac function and angiogenesis. Methods and Results: Conditioned medium was collected from MSCWnt11 (CdMWnt11) and their control cells (CdMGFP). CdMWnt11, especially obtained from MSCWnt11 exposed to hypoxia, significantly promoted human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) migration and increased capillary-like tube (CLT) formation, which was blocked by Wnt11 neutralizing antibody. Wnt11 protein was significantly higher in CdMWnt11 compared to that in CdMGFP. Directly treating HUVECs with recombinant Wnt11 protein significantly increased CLT formation, which was abrogated by treating cells with the JNK inhibitor SP600125, as well as the PKC inhibitor Calphostin-C. Moreover, the transfection of Wnt11 to HUVECs (HWnt11) significantly increased CLT formation and HUVEC migration, as well as upregulated p-pan-PKC and p-JNK expression. Injection of CdMWnt11 into the peri-infarct region in a rat acute myocardial infarction (AMI) model significantly improved cardiac function, reduced infarct size, and increased myocardial blood flow and blood vessel density in the ischemic area. Conclusion: Wnt11 released from MSCWnt11 increased angiogenesis and improved cardiac function via non-canonical Wnt-PKC-JNK dependent pathways.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number1277
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalGenes
Volume11
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2020

Keywords

  • Angiogenesis
  • Ischemic myocardium
  • Mesenchymal stem cells
  • Wnt-PKC-JNK pathways
  • Wnt11

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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