Wolff–Kishner reduction reactions using a solar irradiation heat source and a green solvent system

Brian M. Agee, Gene Mullins, Joseph J. Biernacki, Daniel J. Swartling

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Due to the recognition of the irreversible damage done to the environment through man-made materials, scientists have attempted to transform synthetic procedures into environmentally favorable procedures. Since fossil fuels are used for electrical energy in the USA, the amount of electricity required to complete an experiment has become an environmental concern. Solar parabolic reflectors have been proposed as a means for minimizing the amount of electricity needed to perform chemical reactions. The ability to use the solar reflector as the sole heat source for synthetic reactions is being considered. Another area of environmental concern is the chemical solvent systems involved in synthetic reactions that are not friendly to the environment. The ability to exchange solvent systems for greener solvents is being considered. A comparative study was conducted using an electrical and solar heat source on a series of Wolff–Kishner reduction reactions performed in a green solvent system. The following generalized chemical reaction is representative: (Figure presented.) where R is a hydrocarbon chain and R′ is a hydrocarbon chain or hydrogen.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)383-392
Number of pages10
JournalGreen Chemistry Letters and Reviews
Issue number4
StatePublished - Oct 2 2014
Externally publishedYes


  • Wolff–Kishner reduction
  • green chemistry
  • reactions and methods
  • solar energy
  • solar organic synthesis
  • solar reflector

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry


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